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Oil Trading: Price Risk, Hedging, Derivatives

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Online / Training
Apr 06, 2022 - Apr 07, 2022
GBP  840.00


This two day course is composed of four modules covering pricing, risk and hedging of oil trades.  Each module lasts two hours with time allotted for questions and answers.  

The Module 4 is fully interactive with exercises and simulations using realistic data and trading scenarios in the oil markets. The delegates will look at how to hedge the physical positions, considering when to hedge, which is the best instrument to hedge with, and what basis risks they must live within real trading.

Participants are expected to have a basic knowledge of oil markets and price mechanisms. 



09:00 -11:15 (with 15 min break)

This course explains how oil is priced in commercial contracts and how this creates risk.  We will then examine market structure (the shape of the forward curve of prices) and how this affects pricing and risk.

Pricing and structure will be tied to together to examine storage of oil, premiums and differentials, and arbitrage plays.

Key elements:
            Price reporting agencies
            Floating prices and fixed prices
            Futures contracts and predictions
            Contango and Backwardation
            Structure and trading: contango storage, premiums and arbitrage

30 min break

11:45 – 14:00 (with 15 min break)

This course will look at price risk in oil trading and how to deal with that risk.  Dealing with risk means hedging and we will examine how hedging works.

We will explain the major derivatives: futures, forwards and swaps and how they relate to the forward curve.

We will use exercises to show how hedging works.  We will also discuss how these derivatives are used for trading and speculating.

Futures are a key derivative which are often used to directly price physical oil; we will look at this mechanism, the EFP.

Finally, we will discuss how traders derive prices using differentials and spreads.

Key elements:
            Assessing price risk: long, short, neutral
            Key derivatives: what are futures, swaps and forwards?
            Exchange of Futures for Physical
            Cracks, spreads and differentials
            OSP’s and premiums in trading


09:00 -11:15 (with 15 min break)

After a quick review of the basic derivatives (futures, swaps and forwards) we will explain options.  

How does an option work and how is it valued? What is a call?  What is a put?

Options can be daunting because of the math and the vocabulary.  This module will present options as simply as possible, avoiding complex math and explaining the jargon in layman’s terms.

We will look at how options can be a trading tool and a hedging mechanism.

This module will focus on client based options for producers and consumers.

Finally we will discuss exotic options; what are they and why are they “exotic”? 

Key elements:
            Calls and puts
            European, American and Asian options
            Black-Scholes option pricing model
            Volatility: historical, actual and implied
            Caps and floors
            Collars, spreads, three-ways, and leveraged options
            Exotic options

30 min break

11:45 – 14:00 (with 15 min break)

The previous three modules built the bases for understanding and managing risk.  This final module uses realistic scenarios and simulations for applying this understanding. We will work together solving hedging and pricing problems on crude oil and products.  The exercises will includes use of swaps and futures to calculate prices and hedge price risk. 

The number and difficulty of the exercises will depend on the participants.  The module will last two hours including time for questions. 

Exercises (possible):

            Calculating cargo values using swaps: Gasoil from Jamnagar (India)
            Calculating delivered prices and making trading decisions: Jamnagar to West Africa
            Trading gasoil with an EFP: risks and hedging: Gasoil FOB Ventspils (Latvia in Baltics)
            Differential swaps: Jet Diff and Diesel Diffs in Europe
            Differential Risk, Arbitrage and EFP: Trading Jet from Kuwait to Rotterdam
            Gasoline Arbitrage: Europe vs. US market

The class is interactive and live.  Questions are welcomed throughout and web based white boards will be used to demonstrate where required.  Time may be allocated for examples suggested by participants in addition to prepared exercises.


He traded oil and energy in Europe, Africa, the Middle East and Asia during a career that spanned eighteen years. He has worked for an oil major, a top trading company, and investment banks. He has extensive experience in supply and trading for refining systems as well as the challenges of running proprietary physical trading books in Europe, Africa, and Asia.

His experience was rounded out with several years of trading derivatives for investment banks in the Asia-Pacific region. Since leaving trading in 2008 has taught finance and trading at top French business schools, presented corporate training in commodities and energy in France and abroad, and consulted with top European companies on trading and contract arbitration.


Apr 06, 2022 - Apr 07, 2022
Wed, Thu 08:00 AM — 01:00 PM
No. of Days: 2
Total Hours: 8
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International Business House is the trusted global provider of business intelligence through conferences and trainings to the world’s leading Oil and Gas businesses.

Nothing beats the experience of meeting people face-to-face to gain inspiration, to learn and to do business. At IBH we offer solutions and seek to help industry professionals make informed, intelligent decisions to strategically improve their position in today's challenging business environment.

International Business House
Balfour House 741 High Road, London, United Kingdom N12 0BP
+44 (0) 207 183 4507
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